This article is by no means meant to be in depth discussion on the exercise method known as Pilates, but a brief overview.
Pilates is a method of exercise that was created by Joseph Pilates in the early 20th Century. Originally called Contrology by Pilates, it has become one of the fastest growing methods of exercise. Joseph Pilates was a German who was interned in a prison camp in England during World War 1. Pilates created the exercises that we now know to help keep his fellow detainees fit and healthy during the war. He created resistance equipment by using bed frames and bed springs, as well as metal bands from beer kegs. These were the first Pilates equipment that we now know as the Reformer and the Magic Circle.
After the war Pilates moved to New York City where he opened his first studio and worked mostly with boxers. Because his studio was also in close proximity to many dance studios, eventually many dancers came to him looking for rehabilitation for different injuries. Joseph Pilates continued to teach out of his studio for many years, and wrote two books on his method, “Return to Life Through Contrology” and “Your Health: A Corrective System of Exercising That Revolutionizes the Entire Field of Physical Education”.
Pilates is at it’s heart a physical fitness routine that builds on core (also known as the “powerhouse”) strength and flexibility. Focus is put on spinal and pelvic alignment, breath, concentration and control of the core muscle group through body based movements. Pilates improves muscle tone, balances musculature, supports correct posture, and teaches you to move with ease and grace, while building flexibility and long, lean muscles, strength and endurance in the legs, abs, arms, hips, and back.
There are six principles of Pilates that are now known to be a major part of the method. These are concentration, control, center, flow, precision, and breathing (we will focus on the principles of Pilates in an upcoming article, so we will just touch briefly on them for now).
There are mat exercises that can be done anywhere on a padded mat, and focus more on using one’s own body weight and movement to engage and strengthen the “powerhouse” and other parts of the body. There are very apparatus that were created and still used today that includes the reformer, Cadillac, barrels and more. These, especially the reformer, use spring loaded resistance to offer a more challenging strength and endurance workout.
The beauty of the Pilates method is that is accessible to everyone, and most of the exercises can be modified to suit different populations. If you are interested in further exploring the Pilates method look for a certified instructor in your area and try a class.